H2O in the MO
When it comes to survival off the grid water is the most important element. You can survive longer without food than you can water. After three days without water your body starts to develop symptoms of dehydration. Symptoms are minor to severe:
*Dry mouth and swollen tongue
*Palpitations (feeling that the heart is jumping or pounding)
*Inability to sweat
*Decreased urine output
When and if you experience these symptoms it is important to find a water source very soon as it could be life threatening.
When you find a water source it is important as to know what to look for. Try to avoid any settled water as it could contain more contaminants and bacteria than moving water sources.
drinking untreated water can further increase water loss. Water borne diseases such as dysentery, typhoid, and cholera are just a few of the problems we have to deal with out in the wild. Also urban water sources can be contaminated as well so we must be careful. Catching rain water is a good way to avoid harmful chemicals. You must still filter and purify rain water and almost all water sources to be on the safe side.
One of the main things you need to look for when taking water from a source are:
Turbidity- A measure of the cloudiness of water. It is used to indicate water quality and filtration effectiveness (such as whether disease-causing organisms are present). Higher turbidity levels are often associated with higher levels of disease-causing microorganisms such as viruses, parasites and some bacteria. These organisms can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches. This is the most common found in natural resources.
Water filtration and purification
You MUST filter your water first and then purify to be completely safe from harmful contaminants. I will explain an easy remedy for doing this with just three socks, that empty plastic water bottle you were drinking out of and sand.
Step 1. Cut your plastic bottle in half, and roll up all three socks, this helps filter more effectively.
Place the first sock inside the bottle and on top of it place some “black” pieces of burnt wood charcoal from a fire. You must not get ANY WHITE ASHES in there as it ruin the whole process.
Step 2. Place the second sock inside the bottle and on top of it place some non-salty sand from stream, creek or river. IMPORTANT: Never use any sand from a beach, it’s too salty, you must use only non-salty sand from non-salty water.
Step 3. Place the last sock on top of the sand and place some grass or moss on top. This removes any foul tastes. Place the top portion of the bottle upside down in the bottom portion of the bottle.
You have now made your filtration system. YOU MUST FILTER YOUR WATER BEFORE YOU PURIFY.
Now I will explain how to purify your water that you just filtered …
The most common and most effective way to purify water is to BOIL. You can do this by using the fire you made that you got the charcoal from to do this.
Pour your water in a canteen or metal container or pot and place on the fire and bring to a boil. It is important to bring to BOIL not SIMMER. Boiling kills all the bacteria and contaminants left from filtration. Simmering is when the water releases visual vapors because it’s starting to get hot, but there’s no sound or bubbles coming from the pot/can. Boiling is when the water releases visual vapors and you can hear sounds coming from the pot/can and when you look inside you can see bubbles on the surface of the water. There are three ways to purify water: Boiling, chemical (purification pills), or bleaching. Which I do not recommend doing other than boiling as it is the safest.
If you have a steady source of water bottles that is great. But as water becomes a need it will become a guarded source. Tread light my friends as carrying a bunch of water can slow movement and increase dehydration causing you to consume water at a higher rate. I suggest learning how to read terrain and read maps to identify the path of least resistance that ultimately keeps you within reach of a good water source.
I’m Michael Danner here for WECAT I hope you’ll all apply these simple tactics when it comes to survival. Have a blessed day. Don’t tread on US!